Enlightening Minds: Research Review 2013 


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Students say that what makes Palm Beach Atlantic University special is “our professors.” Current students as well as alumni enthusiastically describe how PBA professors stimulate and energize learning in the classroom, often by integrating their research and professional work and inviting students to participate.

Since 1999, Palm Beach Atlantic University has provided support for faculty and student research by granting sabbatical study leaves for 19 faculty members, course load reductions for 20 faculty to conduct research, and funding for 118 faculty and 108 student Quality Initiative research grants. In the 2013-2014 academic year alone, PBA has committed $47,000 from its operating budget to fund Quality Initiative grants for faculty and student research.

This booklet highlights the research and professional work of many of our teacher- scholars and students during 2013.  From the cutting-edge insights of Dr. Samuel Joeckel on the work and influence of C.S. Lewis, to the sobering opportunity of Dr. Roger Chapman to visit with survivors of the Nagasaki atomic bomb, to the ongoing summer undergraduate research program wherein student Morganne Bayliss, with Dr. Mireille Aleman, may be on the brink of developing a treatment for breast cancer, you will find that PBA faculty and student researchers are making and will continue to make a difference by studying God’s world and His people in new and different ways.

*Joseph A. Kloba, Ed.D.
Provost and Chief Academic  Officer

(*Dr. Joseph A. Kloba retired from his position of provost and chief academic officer at PBA in 2014)

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Enlightening Minds: Research Review 2012

Beyond the Classroom: providing real-world research experience


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Since 1999, PBA has provided increased support for faculty research and student research by granting sabbatical study leaves for 28 faculty members, course load reductions for research for 16 faculty members, and funding for quality initiative research grants to 104 faculty members and for 100 student projects.

This publication highlights the research and professional work of many of our PBA teacher-scholars in the 2012-2013 academic year. From books, articles and professional presentations to creative partnerships via the PBA Centers of Excellence, medical missions and catalyzing STEM projects in local schools, you will see that PBA professors are truly impacting the lives of our students and their professions by the quantity and quality of their work beyond the classroom.

Joseph A. Kloba, Ed.D.
Provost and Chief Academic Officer


Enlightening Minds: Research Review 2011

Collaborative Research: a model that works

Students often remark that what makes Palm Beach Atlantic University special is “the professors.”

Current students as well as alumni enthusiastically describe the many ways that PBA professors stimulate and energize learning in the classroom.

They tell of the professors’ selfless sharing of time and Christ-like encouragement in advising, mentoring and counseling outside the classroom. Students share how their professors integrate their research and professional work in their courses and engage them in these endeavors. This collaboration has resulted in the publication of student-professor co-authored articles as well as student-professor presentations made at professional meetings.

Over the last 10 years, PBA has provided increased support for faculty and student research by granting sabbatical study leaves for 25 faculty members, course load reductions for research for 12 faculty members, and funding for quality initiative research grants to 90 faculty and 90 student projects.

This publication highlights the research and professional work of many of our PBA teacher-scholars in the 2011-2012 academic year. As you will see in the following pages, PBA professors are truly impacting the lives of our students and their future by the quantity and quality of their scholarly work.

Joseph A. Kloba, Ed.D.
Provost and Chief Academic Officer


PBA’s Endowed Chair Authors 20 Books, More in the Pipeline

A prolific author, Dr. Paul Copan joined PBA in 2004. He is a professor and Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics. He holds a B.A. from Columbia International University, an M.A. and M.Div. from Trinity International University, and a Ph.D. from Marquette University. 

Q: What motivated you to become and author?

A: When I was young, I enjoyed collecting and synthesizing information and compiling interesting quotations. Through the years, and with the advent of personal computers in particular, I have continued to research, gather and organize material in areas of strong interest - philosophy, theology, biblical studies, history/church history - into lecture and handout materials. Some have told me that the epitaph on my tombstone will be, “He had a handout!” At any rate, this sort of thing leads somewhat naturally to putting some of those materials into book form.

Q: Where do you get your inspiration?

A: I am motivated by Christ’s claim on my life and living for God’s kingdom. My writings in philosophy of religion and apologetics flow from this. I not only desire to see biblically-informed philosophical reasoning penetrate a largely secular academy in our culture; I also want to make resources accessible to the church in order to strengthen believers’ faith and enhance their witness in the world.

Q: Who is your favorite author?

A: I’ve greatly profited from the writings of C.S. Lewis - a clear, engaging writer who blends a warm devotion to Christ and writes on a range of topics to show how the Christian faith has a bearing on these disciplines.

Q: How many books/papers have you written?

A: I have edited or authored more than 20 books - with 8 or 9 in the pipeline - and I have contributed essays to more than 20 books authored by others. My books are generally available in North America, but some of them have been translated into Spanish and Portuguese. Of course, the Internet makes the books available worldwide.

Q: What books do you have in the works?

 Dr. Paul Copan


A: Several book projects are in the soliciting or contract stage. I have two forthcoming books on the immediate horizon: my coedited Come Let Us Reason: New Essays in Christian Apologetics (to be released mid-April) and Old Testament “Holy War” and Christian Morality (to be released this summer or fall with IVP Academic). On the more distant horizon, I am coauthoring a book on the moral argument (Continuum), another on biblical ethics (IVP Academic), and a third on the relevance of Paul’s Athens speech in Acts 17 for our own era (InterVarsity Press). I have just signed a contract to be a coeditor for the Zondervan Dictionary of Christianity and Science.

Q: Have you received awards for your work? 

A: My coedited Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion was acknowledged as one of Cambridge’s International Society for Science and Religion’s top books in their “Library Project” (2009). I have coedited The Apologetics Study Bible, which won the Retailers Choices Award (2008), and my coauthored Creation Out of Nothing was an ECPA Gold Medallion Award Finalist (2005).

I also have contributed to several books that have received awards: Francis Beckwith, et al., The New Mormon Challenge received The ECPA Gold Medallion Award (2003); Lee Strobel’s The Case for the Real Jesus was awarded the Retailers Choice Award (2008); William Craig and Chad Meister’s God Is Great, God Is Good earned the Christianity Today Book of the Year Award (2010).

Q: Who do you write for as an author?

A: I try to write for both the scholarly community and the thinking common person. I am concerned about making resources available to the academic as well as to Christians in the pew. I rejoice that God has used some of my books in the lives of unbelievers to help them move to faith in Christ.

Q: What do you want your readers to know after reading your books?

A: I pray that God will use my work to help believers to think and thinkers to believe. I want to exemplify the importance of honoring and worshiping God by the use of the mind and careful reflection ? that we can love the Lord our God with all our mind. I desire to see God draw people to him through the intellectual appeal of Christ as well as to help express the reasonableness and beauty of the Christian faith.


Works by Paul Copan: Publications 

Copan, P. “Christian Intellectuals Serving the Church.” Think Christianly: Looking at the Intersection of Faith and Culture. Ed. Jonathan Morrow. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012. 90-91.


  • “The Naturalists Are Declaring the Glory of God: Discovering Natural Theology in the Unlikeliest Places.” Philosophy and the Christian Worldview: Analysis, Assessment and Development. Eds. David Werther and Mark D. Linville. New York: Continuum, 2012.
  • “Does the Old Testament Endorse Slavery?” Come Let Us Reason: New Essays in Christian Apologetics. Ed. Paul Copan and William Lane Craig. Nashville: B&H Academic, 2012.
  • “Is Naturalism a Simpler Explanation than Theism?” Enrichment Journal. Winter 2012: 108-11.
  • “Slavery and Scripture: Some Personal Reflections.” Is God Just a Human Invention? and Seventeen Other Questions Raised by the New Atheists. Sean McDowell and Jonathan Morrow. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel, 2011. 156-7.
  • “The Moral Argument.” The Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology. Ed. David Fergusson, Karen Kilby, Ian McFarland and Iain Torrance. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011.
  • “Does the Old Testament Endorse Slavery? The Difficult Texts.” Enrichment Journal. Summer 2011:124-7.
  • Is God a Moral Monster? translated into Portuguese: O Deus da Bíblia é Cruel? (2011).
  • The Apologetics Study Bible: A Guide to Defending the Christian Faith translated into Spanish (2011).
  • Copan, P and Matthew Flannagan. “Was Israel Commanded To Commit Genocide?” Christian Research Journal. 34.5 (2011): 6-7.


Works by Paul Copan: Presentations

Copan, P. “Ethics Needs God: A Response to Antony, Wielenberg and Sinnott-Armstrong.” Evangelical Philosophical Society regional meeting. Wake Forest, NC. March 24, 2012.

  • “Evil and Justice.” Boston Law School. Boston, MA. March 19, 2012.
  • “Is God a Moral Monster?” Biola/Apologetics Canada Conference. Vancouver, BC. March 9-10, 2012.
  • “The Problem of God.” Purdue University. Lafayette, IN. Feb. 16-19, 2012.
  • “Balancing Scholarly, Ministry and Personal Priorities.” Scholars with a Dream. Ravi Zacharias International Ministries. Atlanta, GA. Jan. 13, 2012.
  • Apologetics Question and Answer. On the Way Ministries/Areopagus Forum. Atlanta, GA. Jan.13, 2012.
  • Apologetics Conference. New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary. New Orleans, LA. Jan. 12, 2012.
  • “Does God Endorse Slavery in the Old Testament?” Evangelical Philosophical Society Annual Apologetics Conference. Berkeley, CA. Nov. 19, 2011.
  • “Old Testament ‘Slavery’: Observations, Challenging Passages and New Testament Perspectives.” Evangelical Theological Society Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA. Nov. 16, 2011.
  • Apologetics Conference. Columbia Baptist Fellowship. Columbia, CT. Nov. 4-5, 2011.
  • Weekend Apologetics Conference. Red Mountain Community Church. Mesa, AZ. Oct. 21-22, 2011.
  • “Old Testament Ethics.” Reasonable Faith Conference. Atlanta, GA. Sept. 28, 2011.


Florida’s biologically rich coast

provides diverse research opportunities for faculty and students

Associate Professor Thomas Chesnes has an infectious enthusiasm for field biology that has life-changing effects on his students. As he works closely with them during their senior research projects, many students discover their true calling.

“Because of PBA’s low student-teacher ratio, I have the ability to individually mentor my students,” Dr. Chesnes said. “Whether we are working in the lab with our findings, out in the field gathering data, or discussing the importance of publishing their research in peer-reviewed journals, our focus is how this entire academic process helps them in their careers and in pursuing more education.”

Dr. Chesnes is fortunate to have one of the world’s most diverse and convenient natural aquatic ecosystems surrounding PBA’s campus, where he and his students can do ecological assessments, learn about a wide range of species, measure diversity and critical habitats, and evaluate species.

 Kate Swick '11 and Dr. Thomas Chesnes


For recent graduate Katie Swick, who majored in molecular biology and biotechnology, Dr. Chesnes has been a tremendous influence on exposing her to different aspects of science and the high level of discipline it takes to be a successful field researcher.

“I chose to survey macro algae in MacArthur Beach State Park for my senior project,” Swick said. “Dr. Chesnes taught me to watch the tides for the best snorkeling times and to systematically conduct my underwater research so that my data and sample collections were accurately documented. My senior research project took a lot of commitment and patience and helped me understand what it takes to be a field biologist.”

As Dr. Chesnes talks about his students’ research projects, he proudly conveys the groundbreaking data
many of them have documented. In fact, Swick’s macro algae findings will be published with his recent study of seagrass.

“Guiding my students into their chosen career paths and watching them develop their own passions for the many facets of biology is very rewarding,” Dr. Chesnes said. “But when they are out working in the biology field and I see them in my own peer groups, now that's when it comes full circle and I am really proud."



 Residency Program Inspires Pharmacists 

 Dr. Christine Yocum, and Misti Curcio '14


Amanda Brahim ’11 Pharm.D. personifies how PBA’s interactive learning, coupled with accomplished faculty, has shaped her educational career. She believes that her personal and scholastic achievements would not have been possible without the help of Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice Christine Yocum.

“PBA offers a unique learning environment for its pharmacy students through the many opportunities built into the curriculum,” Brahim said. “Starting with our first year, we apply classroom knowledge in settings such as community and hospital pharmacies, and outpatient clinics such as the health center."       

Dr. Yocum completed her pharmacy residency at PBA and joined the School of Pharmacy faculty in 2011. “I was blessed to find a residency program that allowed me to hone my clinical skills as a pharmacist and budding researcher, as well as serve the students as a guest lecturer and preceptor in a setting where my spiritual gifts may flourish,” she said.

“Because I recently graduated from PBA’s doctorate program and, as a resident, closely interacted with fourth-year students, I have a clear understanding of the life-changing transitions they make from the classroom, to the clinical setting, to the real world,” Dr. Yocum said. “Clinical experiences change the way students think. They are taught to stop and treat the person, not the disease.”

In addition to pharmacy students gaining direct care proficiencies at sites such as JFK Medical Center and the West Palm Beach VA Medical Center, one of the most effective and inspiring learning experiences is working at the nearby Community Health Center’s free clinic.

The Community Health Center provides non-emergency medical care to those who do not have access to health care services. The center’s free clinic on Tuesday and Thursday nights offers students the chance to broaden their skills while giving back to the community.

“The clinic was the ideal setting for students to help me conduct my diabetes research for my residency, in which we evaluated the effectiveness of delivering patient education via a video for patients who don’t speak English,” Dr. Yocum said.

“A secondary finding of the research showed the patients’ diabetes was not being controlled properly,” she said. “It is a blessing to be able to provide life-saving intervention and education for these patients.”


Publications and Presentations 2011 - 2012: Books

David Athey
Athey, David. Christopher. Manchester, New Hampshire: Sophia Institute Press, 2011.

Wes Borucki
Borucki, W. B. George H.W. Bush: In Defense of Principle. (A Volume in the First Men, America’s Presidents. Ed. Barbara Bennett Peterson.) New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011.

Terriel Byrd
Byrd, Terriel R. By This Shall We Be Known: Interpreting the Voice, Vision and Message of Martin Luther King, Jr. Bloomington, IN: CrossBooks, a division of Lifeway, 2011.

David Carson and Montserrat Casado-Kehoe
Carson, D.K. and M. Casado-Kehoe. Eds. Case studies in couples therapy: Theory based approaches. Clifton, NJ: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2011.

Carson, D.K., D.A. Lawson, M. Casado-Kehoe, and D.A. Wilcox. International lay counselor training: A short-term training the trainers program for Christian leaders and workers in developing countries. Denver, CO: Outskirts Press, 2011.

Samuel Joeckel and Thomas Chesnes
Joeckel, Samuel and Thomas Chesnes. Eds. The Christian College Phenomenon: Inside America’s Fastest Growing Institutions of Higher Learning. Abilene, TX: Abilene Christian UP, 2012.

Thomas Miller
Miller, Thomas. Economics Fundamentals for Adults, New York: Linus Publications, 2011.

Nicholas Palmieri
Palmieri, Nicholas. Strength Renovation: Rebuilding Faith Communities. Lynchburg: Liberty UP, 2011.

Francisco Plaza
Plaza, F. El Silencio de la Democracia. Caracas, Venezuela: Los Libros de el Nacional, 2011.

Emery Twoey
Twoey, Emery. Deconstructing the Big Book of Stories: Is God Really Dead This Time? New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011. 


Publications and Presentations 2011 - 2012: Chapters in Books

David Carson and Montserrat Casado-Kehoe
Carson, D.K. and M. Casado-Kehoe,   “Introduction: Couples therapy in contemporary society and a theory based case study approach.” Case studies in couples therapy: Theory-based approaches. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2011. xxvii-xxxviii.  

--- “Creative/experiential therapy with couples.” Case studies in couples therapy: Theory-based approaches. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2011. 229-247.

Seena Haines
Haines, S. and T. Brown. “Building A Successful Ambulatory Care Practice: A Complete Guide for Pharmacists.” Chapter 6: Clinical Documentation. Washington, DC: American Society of Health System Pharmacists, 2011. 

Samuel Joeckel
Joeckel, S. “Samuel Johnson.” The Encyclopedia of Christian Literature. Ed. George Thomas Kurian. 2 vols. Lanham, Maryland: The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc., 2011.

Carmela Nanton
Nanton, C. “Learning to Lead: Leveraging Social Capital, Social Learning, and Social Media in Leadership Development.” 21st Century Adult Learning in Our Complex World. AHEA Book Series. Eds. C.J. Boden McGill and K.P. King. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

E. Randolph Richards
Richards, E. “Reading, Writing, and the Production and Transmission of Manuscripts.” The Background of the New Testament: An Examination of the Context of Early Christianity, Eds. Joel B. Green and Lee Martin McDonald. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2012.

  • “Will the Real Author Please Stand Up? The Author in Greco-Roman Letter Writing.” Come Let Us Reason: New Essays in Christian Apologetics. Eds. Paul Copan and William Craig. Nashville: B&H Academic, 2011.
  • “Pauline Prescripts and Greco-Roman Epistolary Convention.” Christian Origins and Classical Culture: Social and Literary Contexts for the New Testament. Eds. Stanley Porter and Andrew Pitts. Texts and Editions for New Testament Study 1. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
  • “(Mis) Reading Paul’s Letters through Western Eyes.” Paul as Missionary: His Identity, Activity, Theology and Practice. Ed. Trevor Burke, LNTS (formerly JSNTS) 420. T&T Clark, 2011.

Gene Sale
Sale, G. “Counselor Professional Identity” and “Somatoform Disorders.” The Popular Encyclopedia of Christian Counseling. Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 2011.

Sandra Szegedi
Szegedi, S.S. “Antibiotics-Human Health.” The Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues.  Ed. R. Kent Rasmussen. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2011. 77-78.

Henry Virkler
Virkler, H. “The Awareness Wheel, The Listening Cycle, and General Psychology.” CORE Communication Instructor Manual. 2011. 

Christine Yocum and Seena Haines
Yocum, C.K. and S.L. Haines. “A Passion for Practice: Perspectives from a Resident and a Preceptor.” Nourishing the Soul of Pharmacy: Stories of Reflection. Lenexa, KS: American College of Clinical Pharmacy, 2011.


Publications and Presentations 2011 - 2012: Journal Articles, Poems and Other Short Works

David Athey
Athey, D. “Spring, 1373” and “Celestialness.” Dappled Things: a Quarterly of Ideas, Art & Faith. 6.3 (2011).

--- “Francisco” and “Good King” in Dappled Things: a Quarterly of Ideas, Art & Faith 6.4. (2011)

Cora Barnhart
Barnhart, C. and G.P. Dwyer. “Returns to Investors in Stocks in New Industries.”Economic Inquiry.doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2011.00395. x 2011.

Elias Chahine and Adwoa Nornoo
Chahine, E.B. and A. O. Nornoo. “A Floating Pharmacy on Lake Tanganyika.” Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 24. (2011): 478-9.

Elias Chahine
Sucher, A.J., E. B. Chahine, M. Nelson, and B.J. Sucher. “Prevnar 13, the New 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine.” The Annals of Pharmacotherapy. 45. (2011): 1516-24.

Thomas Chesnes
Chesnes, T., S. Duncan, K. Swick, and C. Jabaly. “Biodiversity of submerged aquatic vegetation in Lake Worth Cove, a protected region of Lake Worth Lagoon, Florida.” Biodiversity.12.2 (2011): 90-96.

David Compton
Compton, D. M., K.L. Dietrich, M.C. Selinger, and E.K. Testa. “5-Methoxy-N,N-di(iso) propyltryptamine hydrochloride (Foxy)-induced cognitive deficits in rat after exposure in adolescence.” Physiology & Behavior. 103. (2011): 203-209.

Compton, D. M., M.C. Selinger, E. Westman, and P. Otero. “Differentiation of MDMA or 5-MeO-DIPT induced cognitive deficits in rat following adolescent exposure.” Psychology and Neuroscience. 45. (2011).

Linda Ellington
Ellington, L. “Select Learning Organizations?” International Journal of Adult Vocational Education and Technology. Spring 2012.

Seena Haines
Sims, L. and S.L. Haines. “Challenges of a pharmacist-directed peer support program among adolescents with diabetes.” Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 51.6 (2011):766-9.

Haines, S.L., R. M. DeHart, K. Hess, M.W. Marciniak, J.K. Mount, B.B. Phillips, J.J. Saseen, A.A. Flynn, and S.W. Zatzkin. “Academic pharmacy and patient centered health care: A model to prepare the next generation of pharmacists.” Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 51. (2011):194-202.

Phil Henry
Henry, P. “Pegs, holes and trees: Response to being an evangelical Christian in GLB studies.” Edification: The Transdisciplinary Journal of Christian Psychology. 4.2 (2011).

Samuel Joeckel
Joeckel, S. “C.S. Lewis and the Art of the Apologue.” SEVEN: An Anglo-American Literary Review. 27. (2011): 69-84.

--- “C.S. Lewis, Public Intellectual.” Sehnsucht: The C.S. Lewis Journal. 4. (2011): 43-66.

Velma Lee
Lee, V., F. Ridzi, A. Lo, and E. Coskun. “A Healthcare Case Study of Team Learner Style and Change Management.” Journal of Change Management. 24.6 (201